Varicose veins are basically twisted and dilated swollen veins. These veins help to take the blood back to the heart for filtration. It is a superficial vein which is located near the skin’s surface. These are mostly found in our legs. Varicose veins are also present in another part of the human body i.e Hummoride ( varicose veins in the rectum ). About 3rd of our population suffered from lower limb varicose vein issues. The varicose veins are swollen because sitting and walking for a long time increases the pressure of blood in our lower body veins as shown in the figure.

  1. Definition of Varicose Veins
  2. Types of Varicose Veins
  3. Cause of Varicose Veins
  4. Symptoms of Varicose Veins
  5. Treatment of Varicose Veins
  6. Prevention for Varicose Veins

1. Definition of Varicose Veins

  • Varicose veins are defined as elongated and torturous superficial veins result of  venous Hypertension “ 
  • It occurs due to permanent loss of the valvular mechanism.  

2. Types of Varicose Veins

There are different types of various veins:

  • Spider veins: like a network of thin red lines of blood vessels spread on the surface of the skin.
  • Reticulum varicose veins: they spread like a mesh and cover a wide area of the skin.

3. Cause of Varicose Veins

There are so many causes of suffering from varicose veins and these are explained below:

  • Its caused due to standing for the long time period
  • Being overweight.
  • Genetic history of your family.
  • Due to deficiency of Vitamin K.
  • Increasing blood pressure in veins.
  • Old age: in old age, you are not able to stand or walk so sitting for a long time period can cause varicose veins.
  • A tumour.
  • Constipation.

These are causes as well there are some risks that cause varicose veins too:

  • Sex: women are more likely to develop this condition…
  • Pregnancy: because the volume of blood increases.

Varicose veins can cause ulcers and discolouration. 

4. Symptoms of Varicose Veins

  • Heavy and Uncomfortable legs. 
  • Aching in the legs. 
  • Muscles cramping. 
  • Unbearable pain in the legs after sitting or walking for a long time. 
  • Swollen lower legs. 
  • Colour around the varicose vein changes. 
  • A dry and thin layer of skin is created on the varicose veins part. 
  • Feel legs burning. 
  • Swollen feet and ankles.

5. Treatment of Varicose Veins

These varicose veins are treated by surgeries and therapies. Treatment through surgeries:  

  • Sclerotherapy
  • Legitimation 
  • Vein stripping 
  • Laser treatment 
  • By using laser or radiofrequency energy

Treatment Through Therapy:

  • Compression Therapy: In this therapy, we apply a particular pressure on the leg to remove swelling and discomfort.

6. Prevention for Varicose Veins

  • Exercise regularly.
  • Do dieting for losing weight if you are overweight or suffering from obesity.
  • Avoid sitting or standing for a long time period.
  • Also, avoid wearing tight-fitted clothes.
  • Don’t wear high heels.
  • Use less salt to prevent yourself from swelling caused by water retention.

Food Used for Prevention

  • Oats 
  • Apples
  • Carrots
  • Flaxseeds
  • Berries etc

Are used for avoiding varicose veins and also help to make your veins healthy.


Clinical Knowledge Summaries (CKS) 

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Was This Content Helpful?

Related Posts