1. Introduction of Malaria
  2. Definition of Malaria
  3. Complications of Malaria
  4. When to see a Doctor?
  5. Signs and Symptoms of Malaria
  6. Another Mode of Transmission
  7. Risk Factors of Malaria
  8. Risk more Severe Diseases about Malaria
  9. Cause of Malaria
  10. Prevention of Malaria
  11. Vaccine for Malaria

1. Introduction of Malaria

Signs and Symptoms of Malaria is a diseases caused by parasites. The parasite is spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. People who have malaria usually feel very sick with a high fever and shaking cells.  While the disease is uncommon in temperate climates, malaria is still common in tropical and subtropical countries. Each year nearly 290 million people are affected with Malaria and more than 400,000 people die of the disease. 

To reduce the infection, the world health program distributed drugs and insecticide-treated bed nets to protect people from mosquito bites. The world health organization has recommended a malaria vaccine for use in children who lives in countries through the number of cases.

2. Definition of Malaria

Malaria is a serious or sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a certain type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria ate typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness.

3. Complications of Malaria

Malaria can be fatal, particularly when. Caused by the plasmodium species common in Africa. The  World Health Organization estimates that 94 of all malaria deaths occur in Africa. Most commonly in children under the age of 5.

Malaria deaths are usually related to one or more serious complications including:

  • Cerebral malaria 
  • Breathing problem 
  • Organ failure 
  • Anemia 
  • Low blood sugar 

4. When to see a Doctor?

Talk to your doctor if you experience a high fever while living in or after traveling to a high-risk malaria region. If you have severe symptoms, seek emergency medical attention.

5. Signs and Symptoms of Malaria

Signs and symptoms of Malaria may include: 

  • Fever 
  • A general feeling of discomfort 
  • Headache 
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Diarrhea 
  • Abdominal pain  
  • Muscle or joint pain  
  • Fatigue 
  • Rapid breathing 
  • Rapid heartbeat 
  • Cough 

Some people who have malaria experience a cycle of Malaria attacks. An attack usually starts with shivering and chili followed by high fever, followed by sweating, and a return to a normal temperature.

6. Another Mode of Transmission

Because the parasite that causes malaria affects red blood cells, people also catch malaria from exposure  to infected blood, including:

  • From mother to the unborn child 
  • Through blood transfusion 
  • By sharing needles used to inject a drug

7. Risk Factors of Malaria

The greatest risk factor for developing malaria is living in or visiting an area where the disease is common. The including tropical and subtropical regions of:

  • Sub Saharan Africa 
  • South and Southeast Asia 
  • Pacific Islands 
  • Central America and Northern South America

The degree of risk depends on local malaria control, seasonal changes in malaria rates, and precautions you take to prevent mosquito bites.

8. Risk more Severe Diseases about Malaria

People at increased risk of serious disease include : 

  • Young children 
  • Infants 
  • Older adults 
  • Travelers coming from areas with no malaria. 
  • Pregnant woman

9. Cause of Malaria

Malaria is caused by a signal-celled parasite of the genies plasmodium. The parasite is  transmitted to humans most commonly through mosquito bites:

  • Mosquito transmission cycle. 
  • Uninfected mosquito 
  • Transmission of parasites 
  • In the liver 
  • Into bloodstream
  • On to the next person.

10. Prevention of Malaria

If you will traveling to a location where malaria is common, talk to your doctor a few months ahead of time about whether you should take drugs before during, and after your trip to help protect you from malaria parasites. 

In general, the drugs you take to prevent malaria are the same drugs used to treat the disease. What drugs you take depends upon where and how long you are traveling and your own health.

11. Vaccine for Malaria

Some varieties of the malaria parasites, which typically cause a milder form of the disease, can persist for a year and cause relapses:

  • Cover your skin 
  • Apply an insect repellent to the skin 
  • Apply repellent to clothing 
  • Adopt cleanness

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