Infectious mononucleosis is often called the kissing disease. The virus that causes mono ( Epstein’s – virus) is spread through saliva you can get it thoughts kissing, but you can also be exposed by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. However, mononucleosis is not as contagious as some infections, such as the common cold.
Mononucleosis mono is a viral infection that causes a sore throat and fever. Cases often happened in teens and young adults. It goes away it’s on after a few weeks of rest. mononucleosis is a very important Infection so be aware for it.
Definition of mononucleosis
Mononucleosis, or mono , is a viral infection that causes fever , sort throat, swollen lymph glands , most often in the neck . Swollen lymph nodes , sort throat, fatigue and heading are some of the symptom, which is caused by. The Epstein – bar virus .
Symptoms of Mononucleosis:
Sign and symptoms of Mononucleosis may include :
- Sort throat, Perphase mis diagnosied as step throat, that does not get better after treatment with antibiotics.
- Swollen lymph nodes in neck and arm pits
- Swollen tonsils
- Skin rash
- Soft swollen spleen
Complication of Mononucleosis sometime be serious
Enlargement of the spleen :
Mononucleosis may cause enlargement of the spleen. In the extreme caese your spleen may rupture , causing sharp sudden pain in the left side of your upper abdominal. If such pain occur sick medical attention immediately you may need surgery.
Problem with your liver may occur:
You may experience mild liver inflammation ( hepatitis).
Yellowing of your skin and the white of your eye ( jaundice) also occur occasionally. Less common complication:
Mononucleosis can also result in also less complication including:
A decrease in the blood cells and in haemoglobin, an iron rich protein in red blood cells Heart problems:
Inflammation of heart muscle ( myocardial ) .
Whick can block breathing.
The Epstein-Barr virus can cause much more serious illness in people who have impaired immune system. People with weakened immune system may include people with HIV/AIDS or people taking drugs to suppress immunity after an organ transplant.
The most common causes of Mononucleosis is the Epstein Barr virus,but other virus also can similar symptoms. This virus is spread through saliva, and you may catch it from kissing or from sharing food or drinks.
Although the symptom of the mononucleosis are uncomfortable, the infection resolves on its own without long term effects. Most adults have been exposed to the Epstein Barr virus and have built up antibiotics. The means they are immune and was not get mononucleosis
Mononucleosis is spread although saliva. If you are not affected, you can help prevent spreading the virus to others by not kissing them and by not sharing food ,dishes, glasses and utensils until
several days after your fever has improved and even longer ,if possible . And remember to wash your hands regularly to prevent spread of the virus
The Epstein Barr virus may persist in your saliva for months after the infection. No vaccine exist to prevent mononucleosis.
Stages of Mononucleosis prodrome
There are many stages of Mononucleosis but some are discussing here
The first stage of the mono is called prodrome
The symptom of the mono during this phase usually last three to five day’s and include:
- Fatigue or low energy
- Feeling off or uncomfortable
- No feeling hungry
- Sore throat
You can also have mono without symptoms. Kids under the age of the 10 many not show anything of the mono, or may have very mild symptoms
The second phase of the mono is called acute stage. During this time, a person may start to get worse.
Mono symptoms during the acute phase include:
- Inflammation and swelling in the lymph nodes
- Sore throat
- Swelling of the liver and spleen