Introduction: 

Infectious mononucleosis is often called the kissing disease. The virus that causes mono ( Epstein’s – virus) is spread through saliva you can get it thoughts kissing, but you can also be exposed by sharing a  glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. However, mononucleosis is not as contagious as some infections, such as the common cold. 

Mononucleosis mono is a viral infection that causes a sore throat and fever. Cases often happened in teens and young adults. It goes away it’s on after a few weeks of rest. mononucleosis is a very important  Infection so be aware for it. 

Definition of mononucleosis 

Mononucleosis, or mono , is a viral infection that causes fever , sort throat, swollen lymph glands , most  often in the neck . Swollen lymph nodes , sort throat, fatigue and heading are some of the symptom,  which is caused by. The Epstein – bar virus .

Symptoms of Mononucleosis: 

Sign and symptoms of Mononucleosis may include : 

  • Fatigue 
  • Sort throat, Perphase mis diagnosied as step throat, that does not get better after treatment  with antibiotics. 
  • Fever 
  • Swollen lymph nodes in neck and arm pits 
  • Swollen tonsils 
  • Headache  
  • Skin rash 
  • Soft swollen spleen 

Complications :

Complication of Mononucleosis sometime be serious 

Enlargement of the spleen : 

Mononucleosis may cause enlargement of the spleen. In the extreme caese your spleen may  rupture , causing sharp sudden pain in the left side of your upper abdominal. If such pain occur  sick medical attention immediately you may need surgery. 

Liver issues: 

Problem with your liver may occur: 

Hepatitis. 

You may experience mild liver inflammation ( hepatitis). 

Jaundice: 

Yellowing of your skin and the white of your eye ( jaundice) also occur occasionally. Less common complication: 

Mononucleosis can also result in also less complication including: 

Anaemia: 

A decrease in the blood cells and in haemoglobin, an iron rich protein in red blood cells Heart problems: 

Inflammation of heart muscle ( myocardial ) . 

Swollen tonsils. 

Whick can block breathing. 

The Epstein-Barr virus can cause much more serious illness in people who have impaired immune  system. People with weakened immune system may include people with HIV/AIDS or people  taking drugs to suppress immunity after an organ transplant. 

Causes: 

The most common causes of Mononucleosis is the Epstein Barr virus,but other virus also can  similar symptoms. This virus is spread through saliva, and you may catch it from kissing or from  sharing food or drinks. 

Although the symptom of the mononucleosis are uncomfortable, the infection resolves on its  own without long term effects. Most adults have been exposed to the Epstein Barr virus and  have built up antibiotics. The means they are immune and was not get mononucleosis 

Prevention: 

Mononucleosis is spread although saliva. If you are not affected, you can help prevent spreading  the virus to others by not kissing them and by not sharing food ,dishes, glasses and utensils until 

several days after your fever has improved and even longer ,if possible . And remember to wash  your hands regularly to prevent spread of the virus 

The Epstein Barr virus may persist in your saliva for months after the infection. No vaccine exist  to prevent mononucleosis. 

Stages of Mononucleosis prodrome 

There are many stages of Mononucleosis but some are discussing here 

Prodrome

The first stage of the mono is called prodrome 

The symptom of the mono during this phase usually last three to five day’s and include: 

  • Fatigue or low energy 
  • Feeling off or uncomfortable 
  • No feeling hungry 
  • Sore throat 

You can also have mono without symptoms. Kids under the age of the 10 many not show anything of  the mono, or may have very mild symptoms 

Acute phase: 

The second phase of the mono is called acute stage. During this time, a person may start to get  worse. 

Mono symptoms during the acute phase include: 

  • Fever 
  • Inflammation and swelling in the lymph nodes 
  • Sore throat 
  • Exhaustion 
  • Swelling of the liver and spleen 
  • Rash  

:

Please Rate Harwer MD!

0 / 5

Your page rank:

Was This Content Helpful?
YesNo