1.  Introduction of Mononucleosis
  2. Definition of Mononucleosis
  3. Symptoms of Mononucleosis
  4. Complications of Mononucleosis
  5. Causes of Mononucleosis
  6. Prevention of Mononucleosis
  7. Stages of Mononucleosis

1. Introduction of Mononucleosis

Infectious mononucleosis is often called the kissing disease. The mononucleosis virus that causes mono ( Epstein’s – virus) is spread through saliva you can get it thoughts kissing, but you can also be exposed by sharing a  glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. However, mononucleosis is not as contagious as some infections, such as the common cold.

Mononucleosis mono is a viral infection that causes a sore throat and fever. Cases often happened in teens and young adults. It goes away it’s on after a few weeks of rest. This disease is a very important infection so be aware of it.

2. Definition of Mononucleosis

Mononucleosis, or mono, is a viral infection that causes fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, most often in the neck. Swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, fatigue, and headache are some of the symptoms,  which is caused. The Epstein – bar virus.

3. Symptoms of Mononucleosis

Signs and symptoms of Mononucleosis may include:

  • Fatigue
  • Sort throat, Perphase miss diagnosed as step throat, which does not get better after treatment with antibiotics
  • Fever
  • Swollen lymph nodes in neck and armpits
  • Swollen tonsils
  • Headache
  • Skin rash
  • Soft swollen spleen

4. Complications of Mononucleosis

Complications of Mononucleosis sometime be serious.

Enlargement of the Spleen:

It may cause enlargement of the spleen. In extreme cases your spleen may rupture, causing sharp sudden pain in the left side of your upper abdomen. If such pain occurs sick medical attention immediately you may need surgery.

Liver Issues:

Problems with your liver may occur.


You may experience mild liver inflammation (hepatitis).


Yellowing of your skin and the white of your eye ( jaundice) also occur occasionally.

Less Common Complications:

It can also result in fewer complications.


A decrease in the blood cells and in hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein in red blood cells.

Heart Problems:

Inflammation of heart muscle ( myocardial ).

Swollen Tonsils:

Which can block breathing.

The Epstein-Barr virus can cause much more serious illnesses in people who have impaired immune systems. People with weakened immune systems may include people with HIV/AIDS or people taking drugs to suppress immunity after an organ transplant.

5. Causes of Mononucleosis

The most common cause of this disease is the Epstein-Barr virus, but another virus also can have similar symptoms. This virus is spread through saliva, and you may catch it from kissing or from sharing food or drinks.

Although the symptom of this disease is uncomfortable, the infection resolves on its own without long-term effects. Most adults have been exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus and have built up antibiotics. This means they are immune and was not get mononucleosis.

6. Prevention of Mononucleosis

This disease is spread although saliva. If you are not affected, you can help prevent spreading the virus to others by not kissing them and by not sharing food, dishes, glasses, and utensils until several days after your fever has improved and even longer, if possible.

And remember to wash your hands regularly to prevent the spread of the virus. The Epstein-Barr virus may persist in your saliva for months after the infection. No vaccine exists to prevent mononucleosis.

7. Stages of Mononucleosis

There are many stages of Mononucleosis but some are discussed here.

Prodrome of Mononucleosis

The first stage of mono is called a prodrome.

The symptom of mono during this phase usually lasts three to five days and include:

  • Fatigue or low energy
  • Feeling off or uncomfortable
  • No feeling hungry
  • Sore throat

You can also have mono without symptoms. Kids under the age of 10 may not show anything of mono or may have very mild symptoms.

Acute Phase of Mononucleosis

The second stage of mono is called the acute phase. During this time, a person may start to get worse.

Mono symptoms during the acute phase include: 

  • Fever
  • Inflammation and swelling in the lymph nodes
  • Sore throat
  • Exhaustion
  • Swelling of the liver and spleen
  • Rash
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