1. What is Lupus?
  2. Types of Lupus
  3. Symptoms of this disease
  4. Complication of Lupus
  5. Other Risk Factors
  6. Causes of Lupus
  7. Treatment of Lupus

1. What is Lupus?

Lupus is a disease of the immune system. When people talk about that they are often referring to the most common type of system lupus erythematosus. 

Your immune system protects your body from infection. But when you have this disease, your immune system attack your own tissues. This may lead to tissue damage. 

Systemic lupus erythematosus is the most common form of autoimmune disease. Nearly half of all lupus patients will develop what is called a butterfly rash that stretches across their nose to both the checks, often after being exposed to the sun. The rash covers both cheeks, and nose giving it a  butterfly pattern in appearance.

2. Types of Lupus

The main types of lupus are:

  • Systemic lupus erythematosus 
  • Lupus nephritis 
  • Cutaneous 
  • Drug induce
  • Neonatal 

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus:

This is the most common form of lupus where the inflammation from a faulty immune system inflames a number of organs or an organ system.

Lupus nephritis:

This is an inflammation of the kidney due to SLE.


Here, your faulty immune response causes skin rashes or lesions. 

Drugs – induce:

Medication cause this type of disease. Symptoms may stop when the medication stops.


This form of lupus happens to infants whose mothers have SLE.

3. Symptoms of Lupus

The symptom of this varies from one person to another. Some people have just a few symptoms, while others have many.

  • High fever than 100 F  
  • Swollen joints 
  • Constantly or severe fatigue 
  • Skin rash 
  • Ankle swelling 
  • Pain in your chest when breathing deeply  
  • A butterfly-shaped rash across your cheeks and nose ( malar rash ) 
  • Hair loss
  • Sensibility to the sun or other lights  
  • Seizures
  • Mouth or nose sore 
  • Pale or purple finger to toes when you are cold or stressed 

4. Complication of Lupus

Many people who have active lupus feel ill in general. They have a fever, weight loss, and fatigue.  While their immune system attacks a certain organ or part of the body they can also have more specific problems. It affects these different parts of the body:

  • Skin problems
  • Rheumatrex 
  • Rituxan 
  • Daphne 
  • Steroids 
  • Malar rash 
  • Discoid rash 
  • Photosensitivity
  • Oral ulcers  
  • Arthritis 
  • Kidney problem
  • Nervous system problem  

Blood clots are common in people with that disease. They often happen in your legs called deep venous thrombosis in your lungs called a pulmonary embolism and sometimes in your brain stroke. These a lot may be tied to how your body makes things called anti-phospholipids antibiotics. These are usually proteins that may make your blood more likely to clot.  

  • Brain and spinal cord  
  • Heart and lungs 

5. Other Risk Factors

There are a number of other things that could make you more likely to get lupus. Sex 90% of people diagnosed with the disease are women. Age women 14 or 45 old are most commonly affected. 

Family history, this disease may affect more than one person in a family. But only about 10%of people with lupus have a close relative with the disease.

6. Causes of Lupus

Doctors don’t know what exactly causes this disease. But they think something or more combination of things, triggers your immune system to attack your body. That’s why the most common treatment is aimed at weakening your immune system. The things that lead to this faulty immune response aren’t clear but scientists think they include. 

Genes of Lupus:

There is very little evidence that particular genes directly cause lupus, but some genes may risk for the disease. For example; people of certain ethnicities Hispanic Native American, African, Asian, and islander are more likely to get this disease. Possibly due to shared genes.

7. Treatment of Lupus

Your Lupus treatment will depend upon several things, your age, your health, your medical history, which part of your body affects, and how severe your case is. 

  • Joints 
  • Kidney
  • Heart 
  • Hormones 
  • Medication
  • Environment
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