- Introduction of Hepatitis C
- Definition of Hepatitis C
- Complications of Hepatitis C
- Symptoms of Hepatitis C
- Causes of Hepatitis C
- Risk Factors of Hepatitis C
- Prevention of Hepatitis C
1. Introduction of Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a viral infection that causes liver, inflammation s sometimes leading to serious liver damage. The hepatitis C virus spread through contaminated blood. Until recently, hepatitis C treatment required weekly injections and oral medication that many HCV-infected people couldn’t take because of other health problems or unacceptable side effects.
Today that changing chronic HCV is usually curable with oral medication taken every day for two to six months. Still, about half of people with HIV don’t know the infection mainly because they have no symptoms which can take decades to appear.
For that reason, the U.S. prevention service takes force recommends that all adults ages 18 to 79 years be screened for hepatitis C, even those without symptoms or known as liver disease. The large group at risk included everyone born between 1945 and 1965_ a population five times more likely to be infected than those born in other Years.
2. Definition of Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a liver infection caused by the hepatitis C virus HCV. Hepatitis C has spread through contact with blood from an infected person ..is called hepatitis C. Today, most people become infected with the hepatitis C virus by sharing needles or other equipment used to prepare and inject drugs.
3. Complications of Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C infection that continues over many years can cause significant complications such as;
Scarring of the liver ( cirrhosis):
After a decade of hepatitis C infection, cirrhosis may occur. Scarring in your liver makes it difficult for your liver to function.
A small number of people with hepatitis C infection may develop liver cancer.
Advanced cirrhosis may cause your liver to stop functioning.
4. Symptoms of Hepatitis C
Long-term infection with the hepatitis C virus is known as chronic hepatitis C. Chronic hepatitis C usually starts a silent infection for many years, until the virus damage to liver enough to cause. The sign and symptoms of liver disease.
Signs and symptoms include:
- Bleeding easily
- Bruising easily
- Poor appetite
- Yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes.
- Dark–colored urine
- Itchy skin
- Fluid builds up in your abdomen
- Swelling in your legs
- Weight loss
- Confusion, drowsiness, and slurred speech
- Spider-like blood vessels on your skin
Every chronic infection starts with an acute phase. Acute hepatitis C usually goes undiagnosed because it rarely causes symptoms. When signs and symptoms are present, they may include jaundices, along with fatigue, nausea, fever, and muscle aches. Acute symptoms appear one to three months after exposure to the virus and last two weeks to three months.
Acute hepatitis C infection doesn’t always become chronic. Some people clear HCV from their bodies after the acute phase, an outcome is known as spontaneous viral clearness. In Known studies of people diagnosed with acute HCV rates of spontaneous viral clearance have varied from 15 to 25. Acute hepatitis C also responds well to antiviral therapy.
5. Causes of Hepatitis C
This infection is caused by the hepatitis C virus. The infection spreads when blood contaminated with the virus enters the bloodstream of an uninfected person. Globally, exist in several distinct forms as genotypes.
6. Risk Factors of Hepatitis C
Your risk of hepatitis C infection is increasing if you:
- Are health care workers who have been exposed to infected blood, which may happen if an infection needle pierces your skin?
- Have ever injected or inhaled illicit drugs
- Have HIV
- Received a piercing or tattoo in an unclean environment
- Reduce weight
7. Prevention of Hepatitis C
Protect your body from hepatitis C. You have to need to follow the following steps:
- Stop using illicit drugs
- Be causing about body piercing and tattooing.