- Definition of Heart Attack Causes
- Cause of Heart Attack
- Signs & Symptoms of a Heart Attack
- Diagnosis for this Disease
- Treatment for Heart Attack
- Guidelines for this Disease
1. Definition of Heart Attack Causes
Heart Attack causes (myocardial infarction) due to reducing blood supply from the coronary artery to the heart muscles (myocardium). The cause of reduced blood flow may be a thrombus or emboli which narrow the coronary artery. There will be a profound imbalance of 02.
2. Cause of Heart Attack
The cause of myocardial infarction are many but some are discussed below:
- Coronary heart disease
- High cholesterol level
- Bad eating habits
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Family history
- High level of stress
- Old age
- High alcohol intake
3. Signs & Symptoms of a Heart Attack
The symptoms of a heart attack causes may be mild, moderate, or severe depending upon the patient’s conditions. Some people have no symptoms. The common symptoms are as follows:
- The steady increase in chest pain radiates to the shoulders, throat, arms, or back.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Tachycardia due to sympathetic activation
- Feeling as heartburn
Shortness of breath Sings of impaired myocardial function may include:
4. Diagnosis for this Disease
In the hospital, a medical practitioner asked about symptoms. Making diagnosis and treatment, they will take into account the person‘s Age Medical history Family history.
Overall health There is also a need to carry out some tests which include:
- ECG(electrocardiograms) To measure the electric activity in the heart
- Chest X–ray to know about the fluid in the lungs
- Blood tests to know about the cardiac enzymes or other metabolic activities
5. Treatment for Heart Attack
- Call the ambulances for medical aid
- Relief pain: if the pain is persistent, diamorphine should be given at regular intervals. If Nausea, antihistamines can be given as well according to the advice of the doctor.
- Position the patient: if there is breathlessness the patient is propped up in bed to sit up in a high armchair. If there is low blood pressure, the patient is kept flat with foof side elevated.
- Administration of diuretics: these are prescribed intravenously for the fluid in the lungs.
- Administration of oxygen: oxygen can be given via face mask or nasal cannula to improve the oxygen level in the body.
- Anticoagulant therapy: Anticoagulants should be administered to prevent deep vein thrombosis. Leg exercises should also encourage.
6. Guidelines for this Disease
Advise people to be healthy by setting priorities. This may include:
- Having a balanced diet
- Avoid smoking
- Avoid alcohol
- Manage diabetes, cholesterol, Hypertension, and other health conditions.
- Regular exercise
- Reduce baby weight(as per doctor’s advice)
- Avoid stress as possible
As someone said:
“Prevention is better than cure.“